What is Mural Painting?

Mural Painting is one of the oldest forms of artistic expressions embellished on visual components like the walls, ceilings, or other huge lasting surfaces. The word mural is derived from the Latin murus ("wall"). Indian mural paintings are a fine art of skill, talent, and creative excellence. They are a symbol of natural beauty and grace, elegance and simplicity and of pious devotion. The traditional Indian paintings were seen on the walls of caves, palaces, and temples. In murals, architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into its creation. Among murals, the ones from India stand out for their finesse.

The History of mural paintings dates back to the second century BC and only natural colors were used for this wall art. The history of Mural Paintings of India have been traced from the evolution of it from Ajanta to Kerala. The Buddhist themes of Ajanta Paintings considered to have been executed between the 2nd Century B.C. and the 5th/6th Century. Kerala is considered to be very rich in mural paintings and some of the Kerala murals date back to the 7th and 8th century AD. The splendor of Murals painted on the outer walls of the sanctum sanctorum of temples make the enthusiasts spell bound. Warmth and grandeur of color combination, sumptuousness of the outline, a crowding of space by divine or heroic figures often with indigenous movement are the characteristics of Murals.

Sharp lines form the skeletal support for the body of Indian murals and this unique feature distinguishes them from other murals. Subjects for the murals are varied —Gods, Goddesses, saints, kings, birds, animals, plants, trees, creepers, flowers, all in their natural splendor. The murals adorn not only temples, but also the walls of old palaces and churches.